OPERABILITY definition in the Cambridge English Dictionary

After the doubts and reservations of all members are addressed, the resulting common document is endorsed as a common standard. This document may be subsequently released to the public, and henceforth becomes an open standard. It is usually published and is available freely or at a nominal cost to any and all comers, with no further encumbrances. The vendors’ products compete on the quality of their implementation, user interface, ease of use, performance, price, and a host of other factors, while keeping the customer’s data intact and transferable even if he chooses to switch to another competing product for business reasons. The European Interoperability Framework gives specific guidance on how to set up interoperable digital public services. Standards provide a common language and a common set of expectations that enable interoperability between systems and/or devices.

IHE provides a number of specifications that can be used in the exchange of health information. The most recent tests build upon an initial proof of concept between Swift and Chainlink announced last year that used the latter’s cross-chain interoperability protocol, or CCIP, a system that lets blockchains communicate. PlayStation maker Sony filed a patent recently that would protect its rights to create NFTs that can be transferred between games and consoles, a key interoperability mechanism that could fuel adoption of the tech in the gaming industry. Mismanagement, poor interoperability, and the ineffective or incorrect identification of priority projects and delivery modes can also hinder outcomes. Note that the definition is somewhat ambiguous because the user of a program can be another program and, if the latter is a portion of the set of programs that is required to be interoperable, it might well be that it does need to have knowledge of the characteristics of other units. In the United States, the General Services Administration Component Organization and Registration Environment (CORE.GOV) initiative provided a collaboration environment for component development, sharing, registration, and reuse in the early 2000s.

クロスランゲージ 37分野専門語辞書での「operable」の意味

The LEAP in Health IT program addresses fast emerging challenges that inhibit the development, use, and advancement of interoperable health IT. In the U.S., state public health agencies manage and track information for immunizations, infectious diseases and vital statistics, however, they often lack adequate funding to ensure their information systems are updated and conform to national standards and profiles. Health information exchanges—which are public or private entities, depending on the state and region—aim to ensure there is robust and standardized data exchange between and among public health entities and state and local health departments. Executing and implementing data use and reciprocal support agreements —also known as trust agreements—with the health systems and other stakeholders. Additionally, such agreements set forth standard privacy and security policies and procedures that govern data protection and use.

They give purchasers a tool that reduces the complexity, cost and anxiety of implementing interoperable systems. IHE profiles, in particular, organize and leverage the integration capabilities that can be achieved by coordinated implementation of communication standards, such as DICOM, HL7 W3C and security standards. This includes supporting interoperability through technical initiatives such as standards development and health IT certification as well as policy and programmatic initiatives in collaboration with partners across the health care industry. In Asia and the South Pacific, many governments are also adopting digital health strategies to encourage interoperable exchange. New Zealand’s health agencies, organizations and individuals signed a Commitment to New Zealand Health Interoperability to outline principles to drive the adoption of exchange infrastructures and processes in their health sector.

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If competitors’ products are not interoperable , the result may well be monopoly or market failure. For this reason, it may be prudent for user communities or governments to take steps to encourage interoperability in various situations. At least 30 international bodies and countries have implemented eGovernment-based interoperability framework initiatives called e-GIF while in the United States there is the NIEM initiative. Standards Defining Organizations provide open public software specifications to facilitate interoperability; examples include the Oasis-Open organization and buildingSMART . As far as user communities, Neutral Third Party is creating standards for business process interoperability. Another example of a neutral party is the RFC documents from the Internet Engineering Task Force .

  • The different SDOs and profiling organizations have varying compositions and processes, but generally follow shared principles based on developing standards through a multi-stakeholder, consensus-based process to respond to specific industry or market needs.
  • Funding included in the Fiscal Year 2020 Appropriations Package and the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act, will help address some of the challenges, but in the long term, we need a predictable and sustained funding source to fully tackle this issue.
  • Future phases will include lab results, medical imaging and reports, and hospital discharge letters.
  • Range to select the most suitable freezer for the target products in order to achieve the most efficient freezing conditions.
  • By having and understanding the complete and accurate picture of an individual’s health—including their preferences and other determinants of health—includes a number of benefits.
  • If the language uses a different writing system it is almost impossible if no translation tools are available.
  • ONC coordinates the identification, assessment and determination of these recommended standards and implementation specifications for industry use to fulfill specific clinical health IT interoperability needs.

In a computing systems environment with multiple systems this includes the ability of products, systems and business processes to work together to accomplish a common task such as finding and returning availability of inventory for flight. In the gas turbine engine business, engine operability is the ability of the engine to operate without compressor stall or surge, combustor flame-out or other power loss. Operability engineers work in the fields of engine and compressor modeling, control and test to ensure the engine meets its ignition, starting, acceleration, deceleration and over-speed requirements under the most extreme operating conditions. Operability is considered one of the ilities and is closely related to reliability, supportability and maintainability.

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Specifically related to web-based search, the challenge of interoperability stems from the fact designers of web resources typically have little or no need to concern themselves with exchanging information with other web resources. Federated Search technology, which does not place format requirements on the data owner, has emerged as one solution to search interoperability challenges. In addition, standards, such as Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting, Resource Description Framework, and SPARQL, have emerged that also help address the issue of search interoperability related to web resources. Such standards also address broader topics of interoperability, such as allowing data mining. LEAP in Health IT projects tackle the creation of new standards, methods, and tools to improve care delivery and advance research capabilities.


Interoperability is an element of coalition willingness to work together over the long term to achieve and maintain shared interests against common threats. Interoperability at the operational and tactical levels is where strategic interoperability and technological interoperability come together to help allies shape the environment, manage crises, and win wars. The benefits of interoperability at the operational and tactical levels generally derive from the interchangeability of force elements and units. Technological interoperability reflects the interfaces between organizations and systems. It focuses on communications and computers but also involves the technical capabilities of systems and the resulting mission compatibility between the systems and data of coalition partners. At the technological level, the benefits of interoperability come primarily from their impacts at the operational and tactical levels in terms of enhancing flexibility.


The following outlines some of these considerations and the approaches that may be leveraged. An important technical development that has expanded exchange partners and data sources is the emergence of healthcare APIs. APIs outline a set of clearly defined specifications to allow for one software application to build on the data and functionality of another application, without needing to understand its system design.


The program facilitates the global interoperability of devices and systems, provides a way to strengthen standards portfolios, and supports efforts to minimize redundant or conflicting standards. Increasingly, medical devices like incubators and imaging systems feature software that integrates at the point of care and with electronic systems, such as electronic medical records. Interoperability implies exchanges between a range of products, or similar products from several different vendors, or even between past and future revisions of the same product. Interoperability may be developed post-facto, as a special measure between two products, while excluding the rest, by using open standards.

Standards & Technology

An important precursor of major exchange initiatives in Europe have been the European Reference Networks. They aim to facilitate discussion on complex diseases and conditions that require highly specialized treatment, providing concentrated knowledge and resources. Coordinators convene virtual advisory panels of medical specialists across different disciplines, using a dedicated IT platform and telemedicine tools.


In order to be recognized as an SDO, an organization may be accredited by the American National Standards Institute or the International Organization for Standardization . Standards are also developed by other groups such as trade unions or associations. The development and adoption of open, consensus-based standards can What is operability in software be a complex process involving many different stakeholders and subject matter experts. These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word ‘interoperability.’ Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors.

Word History

Operability also refers to whether or not a surgical operation can be performed to treat a patient with a reasonable degree of safety and chance of success. Industry/community partnershipIndustry-community partnerships, either domestic or international, sponsor standard workgroups with the purpose to define a common standard that may be used to allow software systems to intercommunicate for a defined purpose. At times an industry/community will sub-profile an existing standard produced by another organization to reduce options and thus making interoperability more achievable for implementations. Because first responders need to be able to communicate during wide-scale emergencies, interoperability is an important issue for law enforcement, fire fighting, emergency medical services, and other public health and safety departments. Widely disparate and incompatible hardware impedes the exchange of information between agencies.

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